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Knowmats is an informal repository of information related to materials and simulation. The information helps simulation professionals perform best-in-class simulation with a better understanding of how materials are represented in FEA and simulation. read more...


New Generation Modeler for LS-DYNA Material Parameter Conversion

We describe a new software component that takes into consideration the unique multi-variate nature of LS-DYNA material models. Rate-dependent models require adjustment and tuning of many material parameters to fit the rate-dependent tensile properties. Drawing upon a robust back-end data model, a graphical user interface provides drag and drop capability to allow the user to perform tasks such as model extrapolation beyond tested data, modulus change, rate dependency tuning and failure criteria adjustment while assuring self-consistency of the underlying material model. Unit system conversions are also facilitated, eliminating error and ensuring that material inputs to simulation correctly reflect the intent of the CAE analyst. The utility of the Matereality CAE modelers is illustrated with examples for LS-DYNA material models MAT_019, MAT_024 and MAT_089 LCSR.

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Mechanical Rate Dependency Yielding/Failure analysis LS-DYNA Papers Presentations Matereality


Datapoint Newsletter: Spring '17, Volume 23.2

Matereality v11, upcoming presentations

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Plastics Automotive Moldflow LS-DYNA Abaqus ANSYS Moldex3D SIGMASOFT SolidWorks RADIOSS Validation ANSA Matereality


Insights into the Simulation of Failure of Ductile Plastics

Performing simulations that can approximate the material behavior of ductile plastics is daunting. Factors such as nonlinear elasticity, inclusion of volumetric and deviatoric behavior, finding and correctly applying the proper material data to create failure criteria are only a few hurdles. A variety of material models exist, each with numerous settings and varied parameter conversion methods. Combined, these cause a great deal of uncertainty for the FEA user. In previous papers, we delved into material models for both LS-DYNA (MAT089, MAT024, and MAT187) and ABAQUS (*ELASTIC, *PLASTIC) using mid-stage validation as a technique to probe solver accuracy. In this presentation, we summarize our findings on the benefits of this combined approach as a general tool to test and tune simulations for greater reliability.

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Mechanical Plastics Automotive High Speed Testing Nonlinear Material Models Structural Analysis Multi-CAE Crash Presentations Validation


Datapoint Newsletter: Winter '17, Volume 23.1

New test capabilities, Matereality v10.2, upcoming presentations

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Mechanical Plastics Rubbers Hyperelastic Visco-elastic Rate Dependency High Speed Testing Structural Analysis Composites Newsletters Validation


Datapoint Newsletter: Fall '16, Volume 22.4

CAETestBench Validations; Matereality Enterprise Workflows; Latest Publications Available on Knowmats

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Plastics Rubbers Metals Hyperelastic Plasticity Rate Dependency Automotive Nonlinear Material Models LS-DYNA Abaqus ANSYS RADIOSS Newsletters Validation 3D Printing


Workshop: Testing, Modeling and Validation for Plastics & Rubber Simulation in ANSYS

Plastics exhibit non-linear viscoelastic behavior followed by a combination of deviatoric and volumetric plastic deformation until failure. Capturing these phenomena correctly in simulation presents a challenge because of limitations in commonly used material models. We follow an approach where we outline the general behavioral phenomena, then prescribe material models for handling different phases of plastics deformation. Edge cases will then be covered to complete the picture. Topics to be addressed include: Using elasto-plasticity; When to use hyperelasticity; Brittle polymers – filled plastics; Failure modes to consider; Criteria for survival; Choosing materials; Spatial non-isotropy from injection molding; Importance of residual stress; Visco-elastic and creep effects; Strain-rate effects for drop test and crash simulations; Fitting material data to FEA material models; The use of mid-stage validation as a tool to confirm the quality of simulation before use in real-life applications.

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Density Rheology Thermal Mechanical Plastics Rubbers Hyperelastic Visco-elastic Plasticity Rate Dependency Yielding/Failure analysis Injection Molding Structural Analysis ANSYS Presentations Validation


A Mechanism for the Validation of Hyperelastic Materials in ANSYS

Hyperelastic material models are complex in nature requiring stress-strain properties in uniaxial, biaxial and shear modes. The data need to be self-consistent in order to fit the commonly used material models. Choosing models and fitting this data to these equations adds additional uncertainty to the process. We present a validation mechanism where, using of a standard validation experiment one can compare results from a simulation and a physical test to obtain a quantified measure of simulation quality. Validated models can be used with greater confidence in the design of real-life components.

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Mechanical Hyperelastic Structural Analysis ANSYS Papers Presentations Validation


Using Mid-stage Validation to Increase Confidence in Simulation of TPOs

Finite element analysis of plastics contains assumptions and uncertainties that can affect simulation accuracy. It is useful to quantify these effects prior to using simulation for real-life applications. A mid-stage validation uses a controlled physical test on a standardized part to compare results from simulation to physical experiment. These validations do not use real-life parts but carefully designed geometries that probe the accuracy of the simulation; the geometries themselves can be tested with boundary conditions that can be simulated correctly. In one study, a quasi-static three-point bending experiment of a standardized parallel ribbed plate is performed and simulated, using Abaqus. A comparison of the strain fields resulting from the complex stress state on the face of the ribs obtained by digital image correlation (DIC) vs. simulation is used to quantify the simulation's fidelity. In a second study, a dynamic dart impact experiment is validated using LS-Dyna probing the multi-axial deformation of a polypropylene until failure.

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Mechanical Plastics Automotive Structural Analysis LS-DYNA Abaqus Presentations Validation


Datapoint Newsletter: Summer '16, Volume 22.3

Support for GISSMO, New Book, SDPD Workflow for Materials

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Mechanical High Speed Testing Nonlinear Material Models Structural Analysis LS-DYNA Newsletters Validation


Progress on the Validation of Simulation for Ductile Polymers

We will focus on our work related to the testing, modeling and validation of simulation for crash and durability applications, including testing techniques, software tools for material parameter conversion, and the use of a mid-stage validation process that uses standardized experiments to check the accuracy of the simulation prior to use in real-life applications. In addition, we present a short introduction to the Knowmats initiative which seeks to collect posts and links to papers from industry experts as a reference for simulation professionals.

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Mechanical Plastics Automotive High Speed Testing Nonlinear Material Models Structural Analysis Multi-CAE Crash Presentations Validation