April 01, 2019 | by DatapointLabs | views 42
Keynote address delivered at NAFEMS seminar on "Material Properties in Structural Calculation: Modeling, Calibration, Simulation & Optimization."
April 01, 2019 | by DatapointLabs | views 42
Keynote address delivered at NAFEMS seminar on "Material Properties in Structural Calculation: Modeling, Calibration, Simulation & Optimization."
October 08, 2018 | by DatapointLabs | views 733
New Synergies with Applus+ Laboratories, Expanded Test Catalog
October 01, 2018 | by DatapointLabs | views 630
Multiscale material models are being increasingly applied for high-level simulation of complex materials, such as continuous reinforced material products (unidirectional and woven product forms). These multiscale material models require input data from a minimum of experimental tests, which are then used to characterize a multiscale material model that can be used in structural simulations within a variety of commercial finite element solvers, including OptiStruct, RADIOSS, Abaqus, and LS-Dyna. Using these models, it is possible is to predict the performance of layups from single layer properties, as well as performance of these composites under complex loadings. We present a framework where the required experimental data are collected, including a process for maintaining traceability and consistency of the experimental data using the Matereality software. Experimental test data are transmitted to the HyperWorks Multiscale Designer software for development of an appropriate multiscale material model. The resulting multiscale material model data is stored within Matereality linked to the source experimental data. Different manufactured layups are tested and compared to simulation in a validation step which provides a measure of the solution accuracy.
February 05, 2018 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2041
Focus on Validation of Simulation: CAETestBench Validation for crash, additive manufacturing, injection molding, rubber hyperelasticity; Review of NAFEMS publication on V&V.
February 05, 2018 | by DatapointLabs | views 1168
This booklet is intended to be a guide to the V&V process.
November 15, 2017 | by Altair Engineering | views 1534
Simulation uncertainties arise from different assumptions made in model creation. Mid-stage software validations improve confidence and optimize the design of additively manufactured aerospace components.
October 25, 2017 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 1617
CAETestBench Validation, Universal TestPaks, Matereality Analyzer Enhancement
October 07, 2017 | by DatapointLabs | views 1741
Physically accurate simulation is a requirement for initiatives such as late-stage prototyping, additive manufacturing, and digital twinning. Simulations use mathematical models to replicate physical reality. Verification and validation (V&V) is an important step for high-fidelity simulation. While verification is a way to check the accuracy of these models, factors such as simulation settings, element type, mesh size, choice of material model, material parameter conversion process, quality and suitability of material property data used can have a large impact on simulation quality. Validation presents a means to check simulation accuracy against a physical experiment. These validations are a valuable tool to measure solver accuracy prior to use in product development. Confidence is gained that the simulation replicates real-life physical behavior.
August 02, 2017 | by DatapointLabs | views 1939
The modeling of material behavior for injection molded plastics is a vital step for good simulation results. We detail the types of material data needed by various injection-molding simulation programs, factors that can affect simulation quality including test techniques and process variables such as moisture content. The case of fiber filled plastics is covered along with the extension to structural analysis applications.
Plastics Visco-elastic Rate Dependency Injection Molding Nonlinear Material Models Structural Analysis Moldflow LS-DYNA Abaqus Moldex3D DIGIMAT SIGMASOFT Multi-CAE Molding Simpoe-Mold Presentations Validation
July 20, 2017 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2278
Upcoming Events, Technical Team Expands
June 14, 2017 | by Hubert Lobo | views 1543
DatapointLabs Technical Center for Materials has a mission to strengthen the materials core of manufacturing enterprises by facilitating the use of new materials, novel manufacturing processes, and simulation-based product development. A whole-process approach is needed to address the role of materials in this context.
June 12, 2017 | by DatapointLabs | views 1538
Physically accurate simulation is a requirement for initiatives such as late-stage prototyping, additive manufacturing and digital twinning. The use of mid-stage validation has been shown to be a valuable tool to measure solver accuracy prior to use in simulation. Factors such as simulation settings, element type, mesh size, choice of material model, the material model parameter conversion process, quality and suitability of material property data used can all be evaluated. These validations do not use real-life parts, but instead use carefully designed standardized geometries in a controlled physical test that probes the accuracy of the simulation. With this a priori knowledge, it is possible to make meaningful design decisions. Confidence is gained that the simulation replicates real-life physical behavior. We present three case studies using different solvers and materials, which illustrate the broad applicability of this technique.
May 01, 2017 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2373
Matereality v11, upcoming presentations
April 06, 2017 | by DatapointLabs | views 1781
Performing simulations that can approximate the material behavior of ductile plastics is daunting. Factors such as nonlinear elasticity, inclusion of volumetric and deviatoric behavior, finding and correctly applying the proper material data to create failure criteria are only a few hurdles. A variety of material models exist, each with numerous settings and varied parameter conversion methods. Combined, these cause a great deal of uncertainty for the FEA user. In previous papers, we delved into material models for both LS-DYNA (MAT089, MAT024, and MAT187) and ABAQUS (*ELASTIC, *PLASTIC) using mid-stage validation as a technique to probe solver accuracy. In this presentation, we summarize our findings on the benefits of this combined approach as a general tool to test and tune simulations for greater reliability.
January 31, 2017 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2514
New test capabilities, Matereality v10.2, upcoming presentations
November 15, 2016 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2038
CAETestBench Validations; Matereality Enterprise Workflows; Latest Publications Available on Knowmats
October 21, 2016 | by DatapointLabs | views 2514
Plastics exhibit non-linear viscoelastic behavior followed by a combination of deviatoric and volumetric plastic deformation until failure. Capturing these phenomena correctly in simulation presents a challenge because of limitations in commonly used material models. We follow an approach where we outline the general behavioral phenomena, then prescribe material models for handling different phases of plastics deformation. Edge cases will then be covered to complete the picture. Topics to be addressed include: Using elasto-plasticity; When to use hyperelasticity; Brittle polymers – filled plastics; Failure modes to consider; Criteria for survival; Choosing materials; Spatial non-isotropy from injection molding; Importance of residual stress; Visco-elastic and creep effects; Strain-rate effects for drop test and crash simulations; Fitting material data to FEA material models; The use of mid-stage validation as a tool to confirm the quality of simulation before use in real-life applications.
Density Rheology Thermal Mechanical Plastics Rubbers Hyperelastic Visco-elastic Plasticity Rate Dependency Yielding/Failure analysis Injection Molding Structural Analysis ANSYS Presentations Validation
October 05, 2016 | by DatapointLabs | views 2240
Hyperelastic material models are complex in nature requiring stress-strain properties in uniaxial, biaxial and shear modes. The data need to be self-consistent in order to fit the commonly used material models. Choosing models and fitting this data to these equations adds additional uncertainty to the process. We present a validation mechanism where, using of a standard validation experiment one can compare results from a simulation and a physical test to obtain a quantified measure of simulation quality. Validated models can be used with greater confidence in the design of real-life components.
October 04, 2016 | by DatapointLabs | views 2073
Finite element analysis of plastics contains assumptions and uncertainties that can affect simulation accuracy. It is useful to quantify these effects prior to using simulation for real-life applications. A mid-stage validation uses a controlled physical test on a standardized part to compare results from simulation to physical experiment. These validations do not use real-life parts but carefully designed geometries that probe the accuracy of the simulation; the geometries themselves can be tested with boundary conditions that can be simulated correctly. In one study, a quasi-static three-point bending experiment of a standardized parallel ribbed plate is performed and simulated, using Abaqus. A comparison of the strain fields resulting from the complex stress state on the face of the ribs obtained by digital image correlation (DIC) vs. simulation is used to quantify the simulation's fidelity. In a second study, a dynamic dart impact experiment is validated using LS-Dyna probing the multi-axial deformation of a polypropylene until failure.
September 08, 2016 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2314
Support for GISSMO, New Book, SDPD Workflow for Materials
July 05, 2016 | by Hubert Lobo | views 2164
We will focus on our work related to the testing, modeling and validation of simulation for crash and durability applications, including testing techniques, software tools for material parameter conversion, and the use of a mid-stage validation process that uses standardized experiments to check the accuracy of the simulation prior to use in real-life applications. In addition, we present a short introduction to the Knowmats initiative which seeks to collect posts and links to papers from industry experts as a reference for simulation professionals.
June 13, 2016 | by DatapointLabs | views 2602
Quantifying simulation accuracy before running crash simulations could be a helpful confidence building measure. This study continues our development of a mechanism to validate material models for plastics used in modeling high-speed impact. Focusing on models for isotropic materials that include options for rate dependency and failure, we explore other models commonly used for ductile plastics including MAT089 and MAT187.
June 07, 2016 | by DatapointLabs | views 2784
With the advent of 3D printing and additive manufacturing, manufacturing designs previously thought difficult to produce can now be generated quickly and efficiently and without tooling. In the aerospace industry, weight is often tied directly to cost and is thus of great importance to any engineering design. Traditionally, the design process often involves much iteration between the designer and the analyst, where the designer submits a design to the analyst, and then the analyst completes his or her analysis and sends recommendations back to the designer. The process is repeated until a valid design meets the analysis criteria. The design is then handed to the manufacturing team which then may have additional constraints or concerns and iterations can continue. Additive manufacturing coupled with topology optimization allows the design and analysis loops and manufacturing iterations to be reduced significantly or even eliminated. The critical step is to ensure that the part will perform as simulated.
May 24, 2016 | by DatapointLabs | views 2910
Simulations contain assumptions and uncertainties that a designer must evaluate to obtain a measure of accuracy. The assumptions of the product design can be differentiated from the ones for the solver and material model through the use of a mid-stage validation. An open loop validation uses a controlled test on a standardized part to compare results from a simulation to the physical experiment. From the validation, confidence in the material model and solver is gained. In this study, the material properties of a polypropylene are tested to characterize for an *ELASTIC *PLASTIC model in ABAQUS. A validation of a quasi-static three-point bending experiment of a parallel ribbed plate is then performed and simulated. A comparison of the strain fields resulting from the complex stress state on the face of the ribs obtained by digital image correlation (DIC) vs. simulation is used to quantify the simulation's fidelity.
Plastics Plasticity Automotive Biomedical Consumer Products Material Supplier Toys/Sporting Goods Furniture Packaging Home Appliances Nonlinear Material Models Structural Analysis Abaqus Research Papers Validation
April 11, 2016 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2353
Focus on Validation, STEM Education, New Test Apparatus, Support for Altair HyperWorks
January 21, 2016 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2237
Control Enterprise Materials Information; ANSA Partnership; New TestPaks for RADIOSS and PolyXtrue; Material Model Validation
January 11, 2016 | by Altair Engineering | views 1781
Finite element analysis contains assumptions and uncertainty from a number of sources, which can impact the fidelity of the simulation. This uncertainty is often left untested up to prototyping stages. DatapointLabs’ CAETestbench Validation service was developed to add a mid-stage validation step to a designer’s workflow, to test these simulations before parts are made, in order to build confidence in an engineer’s model beforehand. This validation step is illustrated in a 3D printing application.
November 11, 2015 | by Altair Engineering | views 1849
[We] introduced the topic of injection molding process simulation and the influence of the manufacturing process on structural analysis. The strength and stiffness of a part can be inaccurately represented if the manufacturing process conditions are not properly considered. This results in a different calculation of system natural frequencies or improper estimation of the energy absorbing characteristics. We continue on this topic, extending the scope to advanced technologies available in the Altair Partner Alliance (APA) to help solve the problem of proper design validation with fiber reinforced plastics.
September 15, 2015 | by Altair Engineering | views 2081
With the growing interest in additive manufacturing in the aerospace industry, there is a desire to accurately simulate the behavior of components made by this process. The layer by layer print process appears to create a morphology that is different from that from conventional manufacturing processes. This can have dramatic impact on the material properties, which in turn, can affect how the material is modeled in simulation. We tested an additively manufactured metal part for mechanical properties and validated the material model used in a linear static simulation.
August 26, 2015 | by Massimo Nutini | views 1940
The airbag door system is one of the most delicate aspects in the design phase of a car instrument panel: seamless systems are increasingly used, which combine styling criteria with good functional performances. These systems typically include a tear seam, which may be obtained through laser scoring, to pre-determine the location of the opening during airbag deployment. The design of the scoring line is currently validated through experimental tests on real life exemplars, submitted to airbag deployment, resulting in high development times and relevant costs. This is the main reason which suggests proposing numerical simulation in the design phase, not to substitute actual part homologation by testing but in order to limit the scope and complexity of the experimental campaign, thus reducing the development costs and the time to market. So far, modeling the scoring line has been difficult due to limitations in the testing methods and simulation codes available to the industry. The methodology proposed in this paper takes advantage from the availability of a material law as LS-Dyna SAMP-1, with polymer-dedicated plasticity, damage model and strain-rate dependent failure criteria, which is supported by local strain measurement used for material characterization. The method, here described in detail, is validated on a benchmark test, consisting in the real and virtual testing on a variety of scoring profiles obtained on a polypropylene box submitted to high speed impact test.
August 10, 2015 | by Tony Abbey | views 1903
I was recently tasked with creating material to explain what Verification and Validation (V&V) are in relation to FEA (finite element analysis).
August 10, 2015 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 2809
Material Model Validation, New Knowledge Hub
July 31, 2015 | by Massimo Nutini | views 1975
Notwithstanding the increasing demand for polymeric materials in an extraordinary variety of applications, the engineers have often only limited tools suitable for the design of parts made of polymers, both in terms of mathematical models and reliable material data, which together constitute the basis for a finite-elements based design. Within this context, creep modelling constitutes a clear example of the needs for a more refined approach. An accurate prediction of the creep behaviour of polymers would definitely lead to a more refined design and thus to a better performance of the polymeric components. However, a limited number of models is available within the f.e. codes, and when the model complexity increases, it becomes sometimes difficult fitting the models parameters to the experimental data. In order to predict the polymer creep behaviour, this paper proposes a solution based on artificial neural networks, where the experimental creep curves are used to determine the parameters of a neural network which is then simply implemented in an Abaqus user subroutine. This allows to avoid the implementation of a complex material law and also the difficulties related to match the experimental data to the model parameters, keeping easily into account the dependence on stress and temperature. After a discussion of the selection of the appropriate network and its parameters, an example of the application of this approach to polyolefins in a simplified test case is presented.
July 28, 2015 | by Paul Du Bois | views 2003
FAA William J Huges Technical Center (NJ) conducts a research project to simulate failure in aeroengines and fuselages, main purpose is blade-out containment studies. This involved the implementation in LS-DYNA of a tabulated generalisation of the Johnson-Cook material law with regularisation to accommodate simulation of ductile materials.
July 27, 2015 | by Paul Du Bois | views 2135
The need for accurate material models to simulate the deformation, damage and failure of polymer matrix composites is becoming critical as these materials are gaining increased usage in the aerospace and automotive industries. While there are several composite material models currently available within LS-DYNA, there are several features that have been identified that could improve the predictive capability of a composite model. To address these needs, a combined plasticity and damage model suitable for use with both solid and shell elements is being developed and is being implemented into LS-DYNA as MAT_213. A key feature of the improved material model is the use of tabulated stress-strain data in a variety of coordinate directions to fully define the stress-strain response of the material. To date, the model development efforts have been focused on creating the plasticity portion of the model. The Tsai-Wu development efforts have focused on creating the plasticity portion of the model. The Tsai-Wu composite failure model has been generalized and extended to a strain-hardening based orthotropic material model with a non-associative flow rule. The coefficients of the yield function, and the stresses to be used in both the yield function and the flow rule are computed based on the input stress-strain curves using the effective plastic strain as the tracking variable. The coefficients in the flow rule are computed based on the obtained stress-strain data. The developed material model is suitable for implementation within LS-DYNA for use in analyzing the nonlinear response of polymer composites.
July 27, 2015 | by Paul Du Bois | views 1956
"A general purpose orthotropic elasto-plastic computational constitutive material model has been developed to accurately predict the response of composites subjected to high velocity impact. The three-dimensional orthotropic elasto-plastic composite material model is being implemented initially for solid elements in LS-DYNA® as MAT213. In order to accurately represent the response of a composite, experimental stress-strain curves are utilized as input, allowing for a more general material model that can be used on a variety of composite applications. The theoretical details are discussed in a companion paper. This paper documents the implementation, verification and validation of the material model using the T800-F3900 fiber/resin composite material."
July 27, 2015 | by Paul Du Bois | views 1633
"Heavy trucks have large masses and only small deformation zones. Because of this, they are loaded relatively severe in case of a crash. Under those conditions structural response is characterised not only by plastic deformation but also by failure in terms of cracks or fracture. Hence, failure prediction is essential for designing such parts. The following article describes the procedure of generating material models for failure prognosis of solid parts in the Commercial Vehicles Division at Daimler. Sheet metal parts are mostly discretised by shell elements. In this case the state of stress is characterized by hydrostatic pressure over von-Mises effective stress, the so-called triaxiality. For many real-life load cases which can be modeled by thin shells this ratio is between –2/3 and –2/3. Within this range the Gurson material model with the Tvergaard Needlemann addition leads to sufficiently accurate results. Furthermore, the Gurson material model allows considering the effect of element size, which amongst others is important for ductile materials. Most often however, in the case of solid parts the state of stress is more complex, which results in a triaxiality smaller than –1 or larger than 2/3. Gurson material models are usually validated based on shell meshes and tensile tests with flat bar specimen. If applied to solid parts, these models tend to underpredict failure . Thus, for solid parts the GURSON_JC material model is used. The Johnson Cook parameters are derived from an existing Gurson material model. Afterwards the material model is adapted to test results by modifying the load curve giving failure strain against triaxiality. This requires tensile tests"
July 27, 2015 | by Paul Du Bois | views 1930
"To assess the problem of containment after a blade-off accident in an aero-engine by numerical simulation the FAA has instigated a research effort concerning failure prediction in a number of relevant materials. Aluminium kicked off the program which involved an intensive testing program providing failure data under different states of stress, different strain rates and different temperatures. In particular split Hopkinson bars were used to perform dynamic punch tests on plates of different thicknesses allowing to investigate the transition between different failure modes such as petaling and plugging. Ballistic impact tests were performed at NASA GRC for the purpose of validation. This paper focuses on the numerical simulation effort and a comparison with experimental data is done. The simulations were performed with LS-DYNA and a tabulated version of the Johnson-Cook material law was developed in order to increase the generality, flexibility and user-friendliness of the material model."
June 11, 2015 | by DatapointLabs | views 2479
With the growing interest in 3D printing, there is a desire to accurately simulate the behavior of components made by this process. The layer by layer print process appears to create a morphology that is different from that from conventional manufacturing processes. This can have dramatic impact on the material properties, which in turn, can affect how the material is modeled in simulation. In the first stage of our work, we seek to test an additively manufactured material for mechanical properties and validate its use in ANSYS simulation using the Cornell Bike Crank model.
April 28, 2015 | by DatapointLabs | views 2485
There is interest in quantifying the accuracy of different material models being used in LS-DYNA today for the modeling of plastics. In our study, we characterize two ductile, yet different materials, ABS and polypropylene for rate dependent tensile properties and use the data to develop material parameters for the material models commonly used for plastics: MAT_024 and its variants, MAT_089 and MAT_187. We then perform a falling dart impact test which produces a complex multi-axial stress state and simulate this experiment using LS-DYNA. For each material model we are able to compare simulation to actual experiment thereby obtaining a measure of fidelity of the simulation to reality. In this way, we can assess the benefits of using a particular material model for plastics simulation.
October 28, 2014 | by DatapointLabs | views 2089
It has long been desired to quantify the accuracy of simulation results. Through developments in digital image correlation (DIC) techniques, it is now possible to quantify the deviation between simulation and real life experimentation. In this paper, three-dimension DIC measurements of deformed parts are compared to deformed surfaces predicted in simulation. Using DIC, it is possible to import deformed surface elements from simulation and map the magnitude of deviation from the measurements of the actual deformed shape.
July 11, 2013 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 1777
Digital Image Correlation Techniques Enhance Composite Testing Capability. Store and Manage Properties of Structured Composites with a Matereality® Database.
April 16, 2013 | by Datapoint Newsletters | views 1976
Validating Simulation Using Digital Image Correlation. New TestPaks® for PlanetsX Injection Molding CAE Software Added to Test Catalog.